Genetic engineering has been without a doubt one of the most exciting and radical breakthroughs made in recent times, effectively revolutionising the food production process on a global level and local supply.
Massive strides have also been in the field of genetic engineering in relation to the area of health, as we are now able to synthesise large volumes of insulin using bacteria. This in turn has meant that not only is there now a readily available supply of this essential hormone for the treatment of diabetes, but it is now cheaper than ever as well.
The very first step utilised in genetic engineering is the identification and then isolation of the desired genetic characteristic. That gene will then be excised from the DNA and then inserted into the DNA of the target organism.
From there, that gene will then adventitiously bind to the DNA of the host organism where it will then undergo the normal DNA replication process.
In order for DNA replication to take place, an enzyme called DNA polymerase is utilised, which in turn will unzip the genes into two separate strands, one that will serve as the sense strand, the template from which additional copies will be produced, and the antisense strand.
As has been already briefly mentioned earlier within the article, one of the primary applications of genetic engineering has been in the area of food production and agriculture. One of the more well-known examples of genetic engineering pertains to the carrot and rice.
A gene from a carrot was excised and then placed into rice. Given that carrots possess a very high vitamin A content this means then that they are essential for ocular health and performance. However, in certain parts of the world carrots are not well suited for the environment or the soil.
In countries where there is a large dependency upon rice as a food stuff, this means that they are able to quite literally, get the best of both worlds: the essential and life supporting vitamin A content of a carrot within the confine of their dietary intake of rice.
The utilisation of genetic engineering has also ensured that there is no need for the reliance upon pesticides, which themselves are cause for concern due to the risk they pose in the contamination of the food cycle for both animals and humans alike.
As can be plainly see then genetic engineering is an invaluable tool.
AvKy Inc is owned by Kyle Uchitel and Aleksandr Vasser, two authority figures in several niches, including the niches of nutrition, supplements, and engineering. Hook up with AvKy Inc. on avkyinc.com, avkyinc.org, and avkyinc.info. They can also be reached on Medium, Twitter, and Facebook.